Etruscan Art

1000-100 bc mid part of Italy independent city states, never became unified

powerful trading nation, religion involved human sacrifice,

necropolis = city of the dead, carved tombs out of rocky ground, located mostly in the southern part of italy, symposium = drinking party

tufa- soft volcanic rock used to carve. Construction was mostly mud brick

tempera (French word meaning "to bring to a desired consistency") was used, pigment was mixed with water and egg yolk

ex- appollo of veii 515-490 bc 5 foot 10 in museo nazionale di villa giulia in rome

made of terra cotta modeled while wet and later carved for detail

forward stride shows interest in gesture, motion, and posture

ex- cinerary urn from chiusi 7th cent bc hammered bronze and terra cotta

reflects human anatomy and is religious, symbolically keeps the person alive by reversing cremation by saving his image

the etruscans used some organic form

etruscan women had higher social positions than in greece, female rank was shown by the jewelry she wore, art often displayed women dominating men because of age, power, or divinity

funerary art: life size statues hold the ashes, people were buried with material goods

before the 7th cent they were cremated, urns were built like people or their house

ex- mater matuta from chiusi 460-440 bc limestone, life size

museo archeologio in Florence

organic style and hair like that of the early classical style

ex- cinerary urn in the form of a house chiusi 2nd half of the 7th century

laminated bronze with terra cotta head 33.5 inches high

museo archeologio florence

a pilaster is a vertical element resembling a pillar

tombs are called tumuli (tumulus) and are rock cut chambers covered with earth mounds

ex- sarcophagus of ramtha visnai from vulci 300 bc mfa Boston

husband and wife in bed, sleep symbolizes death, sleep and death are twins in mythology

tomb paintings were fresco or tempra on a dry wall, most paintings showed funerary rites of the lives of the aristocrats

etruscans were best known for having the best female fashion and jewelry

in 510 bc etruria became part of the roman political organization, by 300 bc it was fully romanized