Media: tools and material of artist

Drawing media:

  1. pencil: very detailed, uses shadowing
  2. charcoal: very grainy picture
  3. pen and wash: India ink and water softer quality, able to change color by adjusting amount of water in the mix
  4. pastel: similar to charcoal only colored, soft, grainy quality

Painting media:

  1. fresco: painting on plaster. Painted on ceilings and walls.

2 types buon- wet plaster secco- dry plaster

  1. tempera: like poster paint, has less detail
  2. oil: paint made with oil, very detailed
  3. water color: paint mixed with water, then it drys
  4. acrylic- synthetic materials are used, a modern man made paint, very detailed

Printmaking media:

  1. woodcut: print is carved into a wooden plate
  2. intaglio: the print is carved into a metal plate
  3. lithograph, a flat stone is used with a greasy substance and ink
  4. serigraph: silk screen process EX- Marilyn Monroe by Andy warhole

Sculpture media:

  1. marble
  2. bronze
  3. wood
  4. steel

4 methods of scultpting:

  1. subtractive-carving: removal of material
  2. additive: add additional material
  3. modeling: shapes a soft material
  4. casting: makes a mold and fills the mold with liquid metal which solidifies

elements of design: graphic devices the artist uses

  1. color:

primary hues are red, yellow and blur secondary collors are orange green and violet

cool colors associated with water sky and foliage and seem to make the painting recede

warm colors are associated with fire and sun and advance in space

use of color- imitate nature can symbolize religious ideas represents light beams

it provides an accent, adds energy and brilliance. Acts as an optical device,

color can be the subject of the work of art

  1. line: movement of a pointed instrument over a surface leaving a mark.

5 types: vertical: expresses stability, dignity, poise, stiffness, formality.

Associated with religious feelings

horizontal: peace, quiet, rest and stability

diagonal: expresses instability

curved: expresses some action

zigzag: creates confusion and expresses force

  1. shape: area determined by line, 2 dimensional
  2. form: like shape only 3 dimensional

1. realistic form: like contours of the human body, organic

2. geometric form: more abstract, geometric shapes

  1. texture: roughness, coarseness, or smoothness of a work

real: looks and feels the same way

simulated: painting looks one way but feels another

  1. space: perspective positive space (object or people) negative space (background)

Arial or atmospheric perspective: objects far away have less clarity of contour

and diminished color, fewer definite boundaries

linear perspective: parallel lines recede in space making object seem far away

Principals of design: deal with arrangement

  1. balance: formal (symmetrical)- even weight is on both sides of the painting

informal (asymmetrical)- one side has more weight or activity

  1. unity: oneness or wholeness in a work of art

proximity: closeness of object link them

similarity: make things similar in shape size, and color

continuity: directing a viewers eye by using a line

  1. emphasis: the center of interest in the work
  2. contrast: the use of elements to create variety
  3. pattern: the use of motifs, color, shapes, and line to decorate space
  4. movement: the use of elements of art to move the viewers eye through the work of art to the center of interest
  5. rhythm: elements of art are repeated to create a tempo of beat