Late Gothic Painting
Characteristics of late gothic painting: Beginning of 3-D and figure representation; attempt to give figures mobility and life within 3-D Space; Gothic painters have not mastered perspective. They do not handle space as well as the renaissance artists to come.
Spirituality; new humanism. People who acted like real people; paintings are less crowded and frantic; figures less entangled with one another. Individuals are more important.
Duccio 1278-1319 sienna the greatest painter of the sienna school
EX- the calling of the apostles peter and andrew tempera on panel 1308-1311
The greatest panel painter of his day. He represents human relationships with exquisite sensitivity. Realistic clothing, gestures, hair, and faces. The land, boat size, his feet, the sky, and the lack of shadows are not realistic.
The work is less stiff and rigid; introduces a more relaxed and realistic look; the figures are solid; the details in the face and gestures are naturalistic. Contrasting expressions are present. Christ = serene peter = startled Andrew = Hesitant
Duccio captured a particular moment- Christ invites them to become "fishers of men"
EX- the nativity with prophets
Figures are crowed and gold shows holiness
EX- Majesta altar piece 1308-1311 On the back is Christ entering Jerusalem
Use of trees shows early naturalism
Simone Martinr 1284-1344 Duccio’s Pupil
He was concerned for fabric detail. He focused on beautifully drawn lines.
EX- the angels of the annunciation
EX- saint Simon
EX- Christ carrying the cross
Cimabue 1274-1302 florentine painter teacher of giotto
He combined Byzantine and late gothic art. Little is known about him
EX- Madonna and child with saints.
EX- Madonna enthroned
Giotto Di Bondone pre-Renaissance called by vasari the father of the renaissance
In giotto we see: the material presence; solid graspable volume in his figures, they are calm, simple and dignified. He brings back environment, not a lot of detail, but powerful; his concern for realism led giotto to study human emotions. He tried to show those emotions in his paitnings.
His most important works are located in the scrouegni arena chapel in padua. The subject matter is scenes from the life of the parents of the virgin mary and christ. There is also a last judgement scene.
EX- the flight into egypt
An example of new humanism is the way the christ child is held and supported by the virgin mary. He is dignified and majestic, but has volume and weight.
The "you are there" is shown by the donkey that overlaps the figures
The expressive composition is where places things to help develop the idea, such as the lines of the mountain that outline the head of the virgin mary
They speek to the gentleness of the virgin They link her to joseph
The location of the mountains emphasize the virgin, giving her strength and determination.
The proportions is the work is off, mary is gigantic
EX- Lamentation over Christ 1305 ad arena chapel in padua
Concern for realism in the figures. They are solid and real. There are real bodies beneath the clothes. The background is natural. Blue sky, rocky ledge, dead tree, no gold
Every line and gesture leads to the body of christ
Characters include the virgin Mary who hold the body, Mary Magdalene who hold the feet of Christ, St. John throwing his arms back wildly. Joseph of aramethia is there and nicademus hold the burial shroud.
Dramatic effects: giotto uses only a few props: a single rock ledge, a single tree (they lead the eye to jesus). The tre is a symbol of christ rebirth and resurection.