Romanesque Art

the dominant style of the 11th and 12th century, developed in France

primarily architectural, sculpture- realism yields to moralism

bodies were distorted to fit masonry niches and elongated with expressions of intense emotion.

Tympanum sculpture characteristic of the Romanesque style

massive thick walls, small windows, rounded vaults and arches, churches were heavy and fortress like, they gave the impression of solidarity, built in rural settings

the Romanesque period revived the art of stone cutting

other contributions: wall paintings, mosaics, tapestry, manuscript illumination

ex- christ in majesty apse fresco Spain 12th century

christ is in a mandorla (an oval shaped painting)

christ represents the ruler of the universe

symbols of holyness: use of color, bold use of line, pattern

ex- the martyrdom of st. Margarrita 12th century Spain

symbols: closed eyes (symbolize prayer and godliness), open eyes symbolizes human atrocity, hand of the exicutioner symbolizes the ungodly mortal act